When a task calls for intuitive knowledge, as in “subtracting means taking something away,” its complexity often goes unnoticed. However, when intuitions are not mobilized – having to grasp, for instance, that subtracting means “finding the difference” – the task is considered difficult, and seemingly requires the use of specific educational strategies. Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, have demonstrated that teachers sometimes struggle to understand the difficulties encountered

Source: Teachers, pedagogical skills, and the obstacle of intuition

The more we find out about the bacteria that live in our gut, the more we’re coming to realise how these microbiota could have an impact on every facet of our lives – and not just our physical health and well-being, but our thoughts and emotions too.A new study has identified associations between two kinds of gut microbiota and how they affect people’s emotional responses, and the researchers say it’s the first evidence of behavioural differences related to microbial composition in healthy humans.

Source: Human emotions really are affected by gut bacteria, new study suggests – ScienceAlert

For many people, young and old, the holiday season may ring in – or at least exacerbate – a sense of loneliness. But, really, could such a heavily orchestrated overdosing of “forced” festivity derive a different outcome?More important is whether or not there is a sufficient social safety net to protect those feeling bad.

Source: Language of Love | Psychology Today

Scientists at McMaster University’s Stem Cell and Cancer Research Institute in collaboration with Sick Children’s Hospital have discovered genetic alterations in the gene DIXDC1 in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This gene was found to change the way brain cells grow and communicate. This finding, published in Cell Reports, provides new insights into ASD that will guide identification of new medications for people with ASD. This is critical because ASD affects one in 68 individuals, and t

Source: Autism gene slows down brain cell communication — ScienceDaily

If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again. Words of wisdom heralded throughout our upbringing, to be sure. But is there any scientific proof that successive failure is positive and propels innovation forwards?

Tom Pohlmann, head of strategy and value at Mu Sigma, a decision science and data analytics firm, says there is, having studied in depth the idea of successive failure. “The rapid change of pace in business puts companies under pressure to innovate constantly, new technologies are making it possible to meet this challenge through on-going experimentation,” he said. Mu Sigma’s report shows failing fast and often is the best approach and the key to success in many areas of business.

Source: The hidden psychology of failure

Are children poor liars? Do you think you can easily detect their lies? Developmental researcher Kang Lee studies what happens physiologically to children when they lie. They do it a lot, starting as young as two years old, and they’re actually really good at it. Lee explains why we should celebrate when kids start to lie and presents new lie-detection technology that could someday reveal our hidden emotions.

Source: Click her